A nation wide study conducted in Denmark has indicated that women with undiagnosed coeliac disease are at a 57% increased risk of stillbirth and a 12% increased risk of miscarriage.
The study followed 6,319 women diagnosed with Coeliac Disease (CD) and compared them to control population of 63,166 women. The study found that prior to being diagnosed, women with CD had 11 extra miscarriages per 1,000 pregnancies and an extra 1.62 stillbirths per 1,000 pregnancies. They also found that women with undiagnosed CD had 25 fewer pregnancies per 1,000 pregnancies.
What this study shows is that early diagnosis is particularly important for those women who have undiagnosed CD and are having difficulty conceiving. Thankfully, if you have diagnosed CD and follow a strict gluten free diet then you are at no increased risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.
How do I know if I have Coeliac disease?
Given the content of this blog, it is a timely reminder that if you have symptoms such as diarrhoea, weight loss, abdominal distension, bloating or fatigue (to name just a few) or have a family history of coeliac disease, then I strongly suggest that you visit your doctor to discuss testing.
What are the chances of having coeliac disease?
You may find it surprising to know that 1 in 70 people have coeliac disease but only 20% of these people know they have it. By my math, this means that roughly 354,000 Australian’s have coeliac disease, yet only 70,800 are formally diagnosed. This leaves 283,000 of my fellow Australian’s undiagnosed.
I’m male or not planning on falling pregnant. I’m safe, right?
Untreated coeliac disease can lead to other serious conditions such as osteoporosis, anaemia and cancer. So remember, although this article is focused on female reproduction, the symptoms for coeliac disease are the same for both males and females. Unlike wage disparity, coeliac disease does not discriminate!
#Coeliac #Celiac #Disease #GlutenFree #Pregnancy #Miscarriage #StillBirth #Fertility #Women
For more information on this article I encourage you to visit the following links:
Danish study – https://academic.oup.com/humrep/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/humrep/dey214/5038411?redirectedFrom=fulltext
Coeliac Australia (Recommended – lots of useful information) – https://www.coeliac.org.au
Another article about this study – https://www.pharmacynews.com.au/news/why-coeliac-disease-might-explain-womens-fertility-problems-0